Hapkido and Hapkiyusul (from Wikipedia)

Hapkido and Hapkiyusul

(From Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hapki_yusul)

Choi Yong Sul (Hangul: 최용술) is often seen as the source of Korean hapkido. After Choi returned to Korea in 1946 he started teaching a martial art he had learned in Japan, Daito Ryu Aikijujitsu. His initial students and their students, etc., adapted these techniques to their own needs and added techniques from other Korean and non-Korean styles, forming Hapkido, Kuksool Won, Hwarangdo, Tukgongmoosul, Hanmudo, Hanpul, etc.,.[1]

Kim began using the term “Hapkiyusul” in 1987, a year after Choi Yong Sul passed away, in order to differentiate what he had learned from Choi Yong-Sul and was teaching from mainstream Hapkido. Hapkiyusul members practice the original techniques and learning/teaching process as taught to Kim Yun Sang by Choi. Kim Dojunim teaches his students the style he inherited from Choi in its original form. [2] Choi’s students were told that all of these techniques (including the kicks and hand strikes taught by Choi) were Daito Ryu Aikijujitsu. The use of hapki (better know as aiki in Japanese traditions) is greatly emphasized.[3]

[edit] Kim Yun Sang

Hapkiyusul is currently headed by Kim Yun Sang aka Kim Yoon-Sang (김윤상) Choi’s second successor (doju). Choi’s first successor was his son, Choi Bok-Yeol (Hangul: 최복열) who unfortunately died in 1987, one year after his father.[4]

Kim Yun Sang first met with Choi Yong Sul in 1972. At that time he was already a Hapkido master with a fourth degree black belt. Upon meeting Choi, Kim Yun Sang started as a white belt and he received instruction from Choi until 1986, the year in which Choi Yong Sul died. Kim is one of only three (3) individuals who received a 9th dan from Choi Yong Sul directly. Kim Yun Sang received his 9th dan certificate directly from Choi Yong Sul in 1984. Kim has dedicated his life to preserving the martial art that was entrusted to him by Choi Yong Sul. Choi Yong Sul was famous for not knowingly permitting photographs of him doing techniques. Accordingly, very few photographs of Choi Yong Sul actually doing techniques exist. However, he instructed Kim to record key points of the techniques in his curriculum and to take corresponding photographs. Kim still has this photographic record of over 600 photographs. While the photographic record has not been made public, visitors to Yong Sul Kwan in Geumsan have seen the album.[5]

Kim was authorized by Choi Yong Sul to use Choi’s own name (“Yong Sul”) as the name of his kwan (Yong Sul Kwan (Hangul: 용술관))and entrusted to be the caretaker of Choi’s techniques. As noted above, Kim began using the term “Hapkiyusul” in 1987, a year after Choi Yong-Sul passed away, in order to differentiate what he had learned (and was teaching) from Choi Yong Sul from mainstream Hapkido. Located in a small town Gumsan, Kim was unable to actively start promoting the art of Hapkiyusul internationally as the 3rd doju until the past decade when some students were authorized to create a website in both Korean (Hangul) and English. Kim promised Choi Yong Sul that he would not take off his dobok (uniform) until the day he died and Kim still honors that promise by teaching and practicing daily.[6]

[edit] Hapkiyusul in the World

Outside of Korea there are a few dedicated people who actively train in Hapkiyusul. At the moment there are only six non-Koreans with a black belt in Hapkiyusul. Schools or practice groups exist in the US (Texas), Australia, England, Italy and the Netherlands.

Kim Yun Sang holds seminars in Australia at least every other year and visited several European countries in February 2008, teaching seminars in Germany, England and Italy.[7]

[edit] References

  1. ^ Kim, He-Young. History of Korea and Hapkido. Andrew Jackson Press, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2008
  2. ^ Restall, Barrie, “Yong Sul Kwan: History of the Korean Hapkido Hapkiyusul Headquarters”, Taekwondo Times, November 2006; Lawrence, Jason, “What’s Your Flavour?”, Australasian Taekwondo, Vol.15 No.2; and Kim, He-Young. History of Korea and Hapkido. Andrew Jackson Press, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2008
  3. ^ Kim, He-Young. History of Korea and Hapkido. Andrew Jackson Press, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2008 and also see Restall, Barrie, “Yong Sul Kwan: History of the Korean Hapkido Hapkiyusul Headquarters”, Taekwondo Times, November 2006
  4. ^ Kim, He-Young. History of Korea and Hapkido. Andrew Jackson Press, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2008
  5. ^ Restall, Barrie, “Yong Sul Kwan: History of the Korean Hapkido Hapkiyusul Headquarters”, Taekwondo Times, November 2006 and also see Kim, He-Young. History of Korea and Hapkido. Andrew Jackson Press, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2008
  6. ^ Kim, He-Young. History of Korea and Hapkido. Andrew Jackson Press, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2008 and also see Restall, Barrie, “Yong Sul Kwan: History of the Korean Hapkido Hapkiyusul Headquarters”, Taekwondo Times, November 2006
  7. ^ http://www.hapkiyusul.com
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